Breast milk is best for your baby

Breast milk is best for babies. The World Health Organisation (WHO) and Health Promotion Board (HPB) recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life. Unnecessary introduction of bottle feeding or other food and drinks will have a negative impact on breastfeeding. At around six months of age (but not before 4 months), infants should receive nutritionally adequate and age-appropriate complementary foods while breastfeeding continues for up to two years of age or beyond. Consult your doctor before deciding to use infant formula or if you have difficulty breastfeeding.

Abbott Singapore fully recognises breast milk’s primacy, value and superiority and supports exclusive breastfeeding as recommended by the WHO.

The content on this website is intended as general information for Singaporean residents only and should not be used as a substitute for medical care and advice from your healthcare practitioner. The HPB recommends that infants start on age-appropriate complementary foods at around 6 months, whilst continuing breastfeeding for up to 2 years or beyond to meet their evolving nutritional requirements. If no longer breastfeeding, toddlers can switch to full cream milk after 12 months. This should be complemented by a good variety of solid foods from the four main food groups (fruits, vegetables, grains, meat and alternatives). For more information on the nutritional requirements of infants and young children, please visit



5 Important Nutrients for Postpartum Recovery


It is important that mothers get a healthy nutrition to aid in their recovery after delivery as the body needs to replace the energy and nutrients lost during childbirth. While there are many diets out there that you can follow, it is crucial that you get a healthy balance of these five nutrients in order to achieve optimal recovery of your body. Read on to find out what they are and how they are important to you.

  1. Iron

    Mothers who experience significant blood loss during delivery may experience shortness of breath easily, feel physically weak and tired and even suffer from poor appetite after child birth. This could be due to a deficiency in iron. Your body may also continue to bleed after the delivery of your baby, also known as lochia, which will cause you to lose more blood. Iron is a crucial nutrient that your body needs in order to make new blood cells to replace the ones you lost.

    To ensure that your body is able to replenish the iron lost during delivery, you can supplement your postpartum diet with iron-rich foods such as lean meat, liver, clams, oysters, fortified cereal and green leafy vegetables. If you’re vegetarian, you can take iron supplements under your doctor’s advice.

    You can also take more Vitamin C to increase iron absorption in your body. Avoid drinking excessive black tea as tannic acid in the tea may decrease the absorption of iron.

  2. Vitamin B12

    This essential vitamin is crucial for the development of healthy nerve tissues and for stimulating brain functions. It is also a crucial nutrient needed in proper blood cell production. As such, mothers with a vitamin B12 deficiency may be prone to Anemia.

    The best sources of vitamin B12 are animal food, such as clams, tuna, liver, beef and salmon. Some fortified cereals and dairy may also contain vitamin B12. A B12 supplement can be added into your diet if you’re vegetarian or unable to consume meat.

  3. DHA

    Omega-3 fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are essential because our body does not produce enough of it. DHA is one of the main components of brain tissue and it helps in improving mental focus, reducing inflammation and the risk of postpartum depression. While increased DHA may not be a full preventive measure for postpartum depression, higher levels of DHA can help regulate your feelings as it plays a part in serotonin production.

    Foods rich in DHA include fish such as salmon and sardines, fortified eggs and dairy. You can also take a DHA supplement to supply your body with this nutrient.

  4. Choline

    Choline is a form of vitamin B that supports many bodily functions and your overall health. Having adequate amounts of choline helps to ease the symptoms of decreased focus and memory after delivery

    Increase your choline intake in your diet by including food such as eggs, quinoa and organ meats like liver into your postpartum meals.

  5. Vitamin D

    Vitamin D supports your immune system and also reduces the risk of postpartum depression and anxiety. While your body can naturally produce Vitamin D while in sunlight, you might not get a chance to head out to soak in the sunlight as a new mother. However, having that extra boost of Vitamin D is crucial as our bodies does not produce enough naturally, especially if you’re going to be staying indoors most of the time.

    The best sources of Vitamin D are fatty fishes like salmon and tuna, fortified dairy, eggs and orange juice.

    As important as it is to maintain a healthy diet during pregnancy, it is also equally important to maintain a good nutritious diet after delivery in order to help your body in its recovery and healing. Keeping to a healthy and balanced will allow you to be in the best shape physically and mentally to welcome your new bundle of joy!

  6. References:

    Hunter W., Jiang X., Caudill M. 2019. Choline: Exploring the Growing Science on Its Benefits for Moms and Babies. US National Library of Medicine. doi: 10.3390/nu11081823

    Khor S. 2019. Eating Well: A Healthy and Well-Balanced Postnatal Diet. The New Age Parents. Retrieved from:

    Levant, B. 2011. N-3 (Omega-3) Fatty Acids in Postpartum Depression: Implications for Prevention and Treatment. US National Library of Medicine. doi: 10.1155/2011/467349

    Marengo, K., Eske, J. 2019. Everything you need to know about choline. Medical News Today. Retrieved from:

    McCulloch, M. 2018. 12 Health Benefits of DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid). Healthline. Retrieved from:

    Reinagel, M. 2019. Top 5 Nutrients for Postpartum Recovery. Scientific American. Retrieved from:

    Schwartz, A. 2019. Vitamin B12: Benefits, Sources, and Deficiency Risks During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding. Parenting Pod. Retrieved from:


healthy confinement recipe 1:
Braised chicken in ginger wolfberry milk

Credit: Gleneagles Singapore and Chef Catan Tan, Gleneagles Hospital Singapore

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