Breast milk is best for your baby

Breast milk is best for babies. The World Health Organisation (WHO) and Health Promotion Board (HPB) recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life. Unnecessary introduction of bottle feeding or other food and drinks will have a negative impact on breastfeeding. At around six months of age (but not before 4 months), infants should receive nutritionally adequate and age-appropriate complementary foods while breastfeeding continues for up to two years of age or beyond. Consult your doctor before deciding to use infant formula or if you have difficulty breastfeeding.

Abbott Singapore fully recognises breast milk’s primacy, value and superiority and supports exclusive breastfeeding as recommended by the WHO.

The content on this website is intended as general information for Singaporean residents only and should not be used as a substitute for medical care and advice from your healthcare practitioner. The HPB recommends that infants start on age-appropriate complementary foods at around 6 months, whilst continuing breastfeeding for up to 2 years or beyond to meet their evolving nutritional requirements. If no longer breastfeeding, toddlers can switch to full cream milk after 12 months. This should be complemented by a good variety of solid foods from the four main food groups (fruits, vegetables, grains, meat and alternatives). For more information on the nutritional requirements of infants and young children, please visit

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How to Handle Baby Solid Food Like a Pro

Learn all about weaning with this quick baby-weaning guide to prepare yourself for introducing solid foods to your baby.


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Weaning is integral to your baby’s early development. It is a transitional phase for your baby as he starts to experience new tastes and textures from a wider range of foods. Solid foods help your baby to practice lip, tongue, and jaw movements as he chews and swallows his food.  The importance of weaning your baby at the right time lays the groundwork for all-around development and healthy eating habits as your baby grows older.4

As far as developmental milestones go, weaning takes months. It’s an ongoing process that takes careful preparation, and hands-on practice. There will be various signs that appear from around 6 months of age, to show that your baby is ready for his first solid foods alongside infant formula.

The recommended age to start weaning your baby is between 4 to 6 months of age. Aside from age, you can also tell if your baby is ready to wean from his development. Signs your baby is ready for solids include:

  • stay in a sitting position longer.
  • hold his head steady.
  • shows an interest in food – for example coordinating his eyes to look at the food.
  • using his hands to pick up food and put it into his mouth by himself.
  • swallow food (rather than spit it back out).

It is easier for your 6-month-old baby to eat food that is mashed, pureed, or strained and very smooth in texture. Between 7 and 10 months, your baby’s food can be a little thicker and coarser and subsequently between 11 months and above, the food needs to only be in small bite-sized pieces.

It can take time for your child to adjust to new food textures. You can introduce various food groups to him in no particular order1, but it helps to start with fruits and vegetables.2 These two food groups are the easiest to make baby-safe and baby-ready.


Give your baby solid food made with only one main ingredient, pureed or mashed carrot or chicken, for an example. It is best to wait a few days before giving something new. This is the best way to observe any allergic reactions that may develop to each new ingredient1. Once your baby becomes more used to eating solids, you can start to give him potentially allergenic foods like eggs, dairy, wheat, nuts, and fish.2


Keep in mind that breastmilk and/or formula milk should still make up the majority of your baby’s nutrition and nourishment, even as he starts to eat more solids. Continue giving your baby breastmilk during the weaning process.

Take a look at examples of what you can introduce as solid foods for your baby from the four major food groups below.2

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Vegetables – broccoli, carrot, parsnips, peas, cauliflower, spinach, kale, green beans, asparagus, butternut squash, cabbage, yams.

High Temperature

Fruits – banana, apple, avocado, strawberries, blueberries, pears, melon, peach, plums, papaya, pineapple, mango, oranges.

Sudden Swelling

Starches – potato, sweet potato, baby cereal and grains, porridge, oatmeal, baby brown rice, quinoa, brown bread.

Weak And Faint

Proteins – eggs, chicken, turkey, beef, lamb, pork, fish, tofu, beans, lentils, chickpeas.

Start the weaning process by giving only 1 teaspoon of soft or pureed single-ingredient food per day. Work your way up to around 6 teaspoons per meal.3

Babies at 6 months old need only 1 meal per day. You can gradually increase the number of meals to 2-3 per day as your baby grows from 7-9 months old.3 During this time, you can also increase his solid food intake to around 5-10 teaspoons per meal3, or up to 110 grams per meal.4

Parents should keep in mind that, as each baby is different, there’s no strict portion size that he needs to abide by. Experts recommend feeding your baby according to appetite, and not according to portion size.7,8

If your baby seems full or uninterested in eating, it’s best to stop feeding, even if he hasn’t finished the amount of food prepared. You can tell that your baby’s full or uninterested in eating with the following signs8:

  • When offered food, your baby keeps their mouth shut or refuses to open his mouth.
  • Your baby pushes the food away or turns his head away from the food.
  • Your baby plays with his food instead of eating.

Instead of spoon-feeding your baby, you can choose to let him feed himself with tiny bits of food. This approach is called baby-led weaning.2

Some parents choose baby-led weaning exclusively, while others use a combination of baby-led weaning with spoon-feeding. While there’s no one method that experts recommend more than the other, if you’re having a hard time spoon-feeding your baby, you can switch to baby-led weaning instead. 

Baby-led weaning usually begins with giving your baby matchstick-sized bits of food – not bite-sized finger food, as the latter can potentially be a choking hazard. Matchstick-sized foods are easier for your baby to hold. Most babies at 6 to 8 months haven’t mastered the pincer grasp yet (using the thumb and index finger) and tend to pick up food using the whole palm.

Once your baby develops the pincer grasp, which usually takes place around 8-9 months, food such as mango, cooked beans, steamed spinach and pasta can be cut into pieces.2 By this time, your child would have also mastered swallowing and working through their gag reflex. 

Though evidence is mixed and inconclusive at the moment, some research suggests that baby-led weaning can lead to less fussy eaters and a reduced risk of obesity.5

That aside, there are plenty of proven advantages to this approach.5,6 Baby-led weaning:

  • Encourages your baby to pick up and explore food items on his own.
  • Introduces your baby to more diverse foods, tastes, smells, and textures.
  • Teaches your baby to eat intuitively at an early age.
  • Contributes to the development of fine motor skills.
  • Allows you to determine the foods your baby likes.
  • Fosters independence at an early age.
  • Allows your baby to take part in family meals at the table.
  • Encourages mothers like yourself to feed more homemade and healthy food to your baby.
  • Requires fewer expenses for commercial, pre-made baby food.

Whilst switching to solids can be an uphill challenge for some parents, the joy of witnessing your baby achieve this milestone is certainly one to cherish. 


1When, What, and How to Introduce Solid Foods – CDC . Accessed January 18, 2022.

2What to feed your baby – NHS . Accessed January 18, 2022.

3Stages of weaning – Our Health Service . Accessed January 19, 2022.

4Feeding Your Baby: The First Year – Cleveland Clinic . Accessed January 19, 2022.

5Baby-led weaning: pros and cons – NCT UK . Accessed January 18, 2022.

6Baby-Led Weaning: What You Need to Know – Cleveland Clinic . Accessed January 18, 2022.

7Portion sizes during weaning – Solid Start . Accessed January 10, 2022.

8Portion Sizes – Beaba . Accessed January 10, 2022.

SG.2022.23744.SMM.1 (v1.2)

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