Breast Milk Is Best For Babies

Breast milk is best for babies. The World Health Organisation (WHO) and Health Promotion Board (HPB) recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life. Unnecessary introduction of bottle feeding or other food and drinks will have a negative impact on breastfeeding. At around six months of age (but not before 4 months), infants should receive nutritionally adequate and age-appropriate complementary foods while breastfeeding continues for up to two years of age or beyond. Consult your doctor before deciding to use infant formula or if you have difficulty breastfeeding.

Abbott Singapore fully recognises breast milk’s primacy, value and superiority and supports exclusive breastfeeding as recommended by the WHO.

The content on this website is intended as general information for Singaporean residents only and should not be used as a substitute for medical care and advice from your healthcare practitioner. The HPB recommends that infants start on age appropriate complementary foods at around 6 months, whilst continuing breastfeeding for up to 2 years or beyond to meet their evolving nutritional requirements. If no longer breastfeeding, toddlers can switch to full cream milk after 12 months. This should be complemented by a good variety of solid foods from the four main food groups (fruits, vegetables, grains, meat and alternatives). For more information on the nutritional requirements of infants and young children, please visit www.healthhub.sg/earlynutrition.

Reading materials, Pregnancy

Why Does Heartburn Happen During Pregnancy And How You Can Ease It

Heartburn during pregnancy can be distressing and uncomfortable. Find out what causes it and how you can ease the symptoms.


Share to WhatsAppShare to FacebookShare to TwitterShare to PinterestShare to Telegram

You have navigated the morning sickness and emotional rollercoaster of your first trimester and cruised through your second trimester. As you enter your third trimester, you may think that you’re done with the worst of those pregnancy symptoms. But you are hit with an awful burning sensation in your chest – also known as heartburn. Heartburn during pregnancy – especially in the last trimester – is an unexpected issue many mums-to-be face. The good news is that by understanding what heartburn during pregnancy is and following a few tips, you can ease its symptoms.

What is heartburn and why does it happen during pregnancy?

Heartburn is characterised by burning pain in the chest (behind the chest bone) that is often worse after eating (especially a big, spicy or greasy meal), or when bending/lying down.1 Pregnant women with heartburn might also burp frequently and feel bloated or full.2

Heartburn during pregnancy is commonly experienced in the final trimester. Its symptoms can be quite distressing and uncomfortable for those who experience it, especially if it is for the first time.

Often occurring after the 27th week of pregnancy, heartburn during pregnancy is thought to be caused by hormones.

Pregnancy hormones can cause the relaxation of sphincter muscles leading to the stomach, which opens for food to pass through. This allows the stomach content to reflux into the oesophagus, the tube connecting the mouth and the stomach, producing the burning sensation associated with heartburn.2,3

Additionally, the pressure from your growing baby is thought to contribute to heartburn during pregnancy. Eating large meals can also make heartburn worse – since one of your hormones tends to slow down digestion, causing food to remain in the stomach for longer. Eating spicy and greasy foods could also cause heartburn. It is also more common if you have experienced heartburn before getting pregnant, or if you have been pregnant before.


Tips to help ease heartburn

While heartburn can be quite distressing, it does not affect your baby and it can be controlled with some lifestyle changes and dietary modifications2:


Avoid eating very spicy, greasy and/or fatty foods as these are common triggers of acid reflux and heartburn. It is thought that citrus fruits and juices can also trigger acid reflux.


Try to eat several small meals spread throughout the day instead of three large meals. Do not eat late at night.


Avoid lying down or going to bed immediately after eating. You could elevate the head of your bed by 10 to 15 centimetres or if this is hard to do, place a pillow under your shoulders.


Do not consume alcohol and smoke cigarettes while pregnant. Heartburn is a relatively minor side effect of these – both alcohol and tobacco can cause a range of serious health issues for your developing baby.


Eat yoghurt or drink some warm milk with honey stirred through it for immediate relief of heartburn.


Eat slowly, chewing your food thoroughly. Sit up straight while eating.


Limit your caffeine intake.


While it is important to stay hydrated while pregnant, drink water between meals but not with them.

If nothing eases your heartburn, speak to your healthcare provider who can prescribe medication that may help. You should also seek medical advice if you are losing weight, spitting up blood, passing black poop or having trouble swallowing.


1 Mayo Clinic. Heartburn. Accessed on 18th March 2022 fromhttps://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heartburn/symptoms-causes/syc-20373223

2 Cleveland Clinic. Heartburn During Pregnancy. Accessed on 18th March 2022 fromhttps://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/12011-heartburn-during-pregnancy

3 Stanford Children’s Health. Pregnancy and Heartburn. Accessed on 18th March 2022 fromhttps://www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/default?id=pregnancy-and-heartburn-134-10

SG.2022.26970.SIM.1 (v1.0)

Want to learn more with Abbott's Learning Resources?

Here are some essential info!

swipe icon
See All articles

Discover Our Brands

Abbott Family is here to support you at every stage of your life.

Children & Maternal Nutrition

Adult Nutrition